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Tuesday, 24 January 2017

Govt Schemes for Indian Citizens

By Dr. IM  |  05:03 No comments

  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS):
  • Training Rural Youths for Self-Employment (TRYSEM):
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY):
  • Indira Aawas Yojna:
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)

1.            Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS):

  • After independence, for the development of socio-economic of rural people many scheme are launched but unfortunately the fruit is very low.
    It was estimated about 70 per cent of rural population was still deprived of the basic necessities of life. Therefore for the better improvement the new scheme is launched and legislation was enacted under the name ‘National Rural Employment Guarantee Act’ (NREGA).
    This scheme was initially started in 200 districts of the country from February 2006 and from April 2008.The main objective of the scheme is to provide 100 days employment to rural unemployed people. In this scheme, employment to women is also provided.
    Like others scheme this scheme is also cause continual trouble such as worker’s identification and registration, muster rolls, works attendance, calculations and disbursement of wages.

2.            Training Rural Youths for Self-Employment (TRYSEM):

  • This scheme was launched in 1979 to provide technical skills  to rural youths of age between 18-35 years living below the poverty line .this scheme has the aim for making them enable  to seek employment in fields of agriculture, industry, services and business activ­ities.

    In this scheme youths belonging to SCs and STs and ex-servicemen, who had passed ninth class, were given priority. One-third seats were reserved for women. The outcomes of this scheme after completion of training were absorbed in the IRDP scheme.

    According to an estimate, up to 1995-96 about two lakh youths were being trained every year and out of them 45 % became self-employed and 30 % got regular employment.
    Though it is a good scheme, but it has some drawbacks.
    ·      Skills imparted in the training are of very low level and not linked with rural industrialization process.
    ·      The amount of given to the trainees (about Rs 75 to 200 per month) to motivate the youth is very less to join training programme.


3.            Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY):

  • It is a nationwide plan in India to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages. This scheme is under the Ministry Of Rural Development. It was begun 25 December 2000.The fund for the scheme is provided by central government pastly. But recently it was announced that the fund for the scheme will be provided by central and state government in the ratio 60:40.
    Between 2011 and 2014, the average speed of road construction under the PMGSY was 70–75 km/day. From 2014 to 2016, the average speed of construction rose to 100 km/day. In the first 5 months of 2016, averages of 139 km of roads were constructed per day.
    Ø   AIMS:
    ·        With a population of 1000 persons and above by 2003.
    ·      With a population of 500 persons and above by 2007.
    ·      In hill states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 500 persons and above by 2003.
    ·      In hill states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 250 persons and above by 2007.

4. Indira Aawas Yojna:


  • Scope:
    IAY is a beneficiary-oriented programme aimed at providing houses for SC/ST households who are victims of atrocities, households headed by widows/unmarried women and SC/ST households who are below the poverty line. This scheme has been in effect from 1st April, 1999.

    Funding:
    IAY is a centrally Sponsored Scheme funded on cost sharing basis between the Govt. of India and the States in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

    Strategy:
    Grant of Rs. 20,000/- per unit is provided in the plain areas and Rs. 22,000/- in hilly/difficult areas for the construction of a house. For conversion of a kutcha house into in pucca house, Rs. 10,000/- is provided. Sanitary laterines and chulahs are integral part of the house. In construction/up gradation of the house, cost effective and environment friendly technologies, materials and designs are encouraged. The household is alloted in the name of a female member of beneficiary household.


5. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)


  • At the event in Shahdol, the launch of PMUY was marked by distributing the LPG connections to women from BPL families.
    Under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana the state governments aim to provide 35 lakh connections to BPL household in next three years. 15 lakhs connections will be distributed to non BPL families as a part of providing clean fuel in state. The total number of LPG consumers in the state is targeted to reach120 lakh from current 70 lakh in next three years.
    A total budget of Rs.800 crores has been set by central government to run this scheme. The BPL families for distribution of LPG connections will be selected based on the SECC-2011 data.

Author: Dr. IM

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