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Saturday 3 June 2017

Jawahar Rozgar Yojana / Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana | Swarnjayanti gram sarojgar yojna

By Dr IM  |  06:14 1 comment

  • Jawahar Rozgar Yojana / Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana | 
  • Swarnjayanti gram sarojgar yojna

Jawahar Rozgar Yojana/Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana

The NREP (national rural employment programme) and RLEGP were merged in April 1989 under the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY). The JRY was meant to generate meaningful employment opportunities for the unemployed and underemployed in rural areas through the creation of economic infrastructure and community and social assets. Initially, the JRY also included the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) and the MWS. Both these schemes were made into independent schemes in 1996. Under JRY, 73,764.83 lakh mandays of employment were generated till 1998-99 Employment generation progressively declined over the years, partly due to lower central allocations in the Ninth Plan and partly due to the increasing cost of creating employment.

A major proportion of JRY funds was spent on roads and buildings. Over 47 per cent of the employment generated benefited SC/STs. The share of landless labourers among the beneficiaries was 36 per cent. The village community found the assets created under the programme useful. However, against 40 per cent of population in a village panchayat who sought work, only 15 per cent were actually employed.
The JRY was revamped from 1 April 1999 as the Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY). It now became a programme for the creation of rural economic infrastructure with employment generation as a secondary objective. The 60:40 wage labour/material ratio in the JRY was relaxed. The programme is implemented by the village panchayats and provides for specific benefits to SC/ STs, the disabled and the maintenance of community assets created in the past.

Swarnjayanti gram sarojgar yojna

This progarmme was launched in April, 1999. this is a holistic programme covering all aspect of self employment such as organization of the poor into self  help groups, training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing. The main objective of SGSY is to give the sustainable income to the rural poor. Every family under SGSY will be brought above the poverty line under the period of  3 years.
Under this program mainly those family comes which is under the poverty line. Even some place is reserved for SVs/STs about 50%, for woman 40%and 3% for physically handicapped person. This program try to cover the 30% of the rural areas. This program is sponsored by central and the state government in the ratio of 75:25.
It is a credit-cum-subsidy programme. Efforts are ma de  to envolve women member in each block with the approval of panchayat samities. the garm sabha have to authenticate the list of families below the poverty line.
Through the participatory process the identification of an individual families take place. Closer attention is paid on the skill development of the beneficiaries known as swarogaries and their technology and marketing needs.

This program mainly help to employ the rural areas people and trained them though the different skill for awareness and attention many posters and abhiyan were stated and for joining the swarnjaynti yojna district rural development agencies and block development officers are contacted and first of all, all the detail are collected the at particular job are assigned .

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Author: Dr IM

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