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Thursday 1 June 2017

National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)

By Dr IM  |  06:09 No comments

 National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)

The different related schemes, TRYSEM, SITRA, DWCRA and MWS were merged into a single self-employment programme namely Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), to be implemented by the States, with effect from April, 1999. SGSY had the objective of improving the family incomes of the rural poor while at the same time, providing for capacity building of the poor, credit availability, technology transfer/up-gradation, marketing and infrastructure development. The SGSY has been restructured as National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM), subsequently renamed as “Aajeevika", to implement it in a mission mode across the country and was formally launched on 3rd June, 2011. 
            From its inception in April 1999, 42.05 Lakh self-help groups (SHGs) have been formed under the SGSY with women SHGs accounting for about 60 per cent of the total. During 2013-14, the total number of SHGs under NRLM fold is13,15,437 of which 2,19,061 (or 17 per cent) have been mobilized in this financial year. Allocation for NRLM for 2013-14 has been kept at 
4000 crore, an increase of 
 85 crore over the previous year’s budget estimates (BE). Of this, an amount of  858.41 crore has been released up to September, 2013. 
                   Several evaluation studies have shown that the rural livelihoods programmes have been relatively successful in alleviating rural poverty wherever systematic mobilization of the poor into SHGs, their capacity building and skill development, and forward and backward linkages were taken up in a process-intensive manner. 
             Dedicated administrative structures consisting of professionals from the market, created in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, etc. for taking up these tasks have immensely contributed to the success of SHG movement there. But elsewhere in the country, in the absence of dedicated professional implementation structures and systematic social mobilization and institution building activities, the progress of the scheme has been rather slow. Besides various states are at different stages of progress in terms of institution building and hence require state-specific strategies. 
       Common centralized guidelines/strategies would not meet the needs of all the states. Hence differentiated or state specific strategies need to be developed to cater to the specific requirements of each individual State.

Author: Dr IM

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