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Monday 29 May 2017

Related Social Sector Programme | Jawahar gram samriddhi yojna

By Dr IM  |  06:07 No comments

Related Social Sector Programme
National Horticulture Mission There are some schemes in the area of horticulture which have been implemented by the horticulture department under National Horticulture Mission (NHM) that provide a source of income to the villagers. The horticulture sector, with a wide array of crops – ranging from fruits and vegetables to orchids and nuts, mushrooms and honey has been a driving force in stimulating a healthy growth trend in Indian agriculture. India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world and occupies the first position in the production of fruits like mango, banana, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, acid lime, aonla and vegetables like peas and okra. Development of horticulture is a focus area for the government and is being promoted through a number of schemes.
             National Horticulture Mission (NHM), a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to promote holistic growth of the horticulture sector is one among the schemes. Interventions in horticulture including National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in the country, have led to increase in per capita availability of fruits and vegetables from 138 gm/person/day in 2005 to 172 gm/person/day in 2012. Similarly, per capita availability of vegetables has increased from 279 gm/person/day in 2005 to 350 gm/person/day in 2012.

Under implementation of NHM, all categories of farmers including women beneficiaries are covered in components like floriculture, beekeeping etc. As per directives of the Planning Commission, implementing agencies viz. State Horticulture Missions have been directed to ensure that at least 30% of budget allocation is earmarked for women beneficiaries/ farmers. Activities such as floriculture including protected cultivation of flowers, mushroom production and beekeeping are suitable to women farmers.

Jawahar gram samriddhi yojna

This program is restructured, streamlined and comprehensive version of the erstwhile rozagar yojna mainly designed to improve the quality of poor, this was launched on 1st April 1999. 
         The main objective of the program is the creation and development of demand of community village level and assets to enable the rural poor to increase the opportunities for sustaining the employment for the people. and we can say that the secondary objective of the yojna is generation of supplementary employment for the poor of the rural areas. This program is also implemented for the people under the low poverty line.
          At the village panchayt level this act is implemented with the approval of Garm Sabah. The sole authority for the preparation of the annual plan and implementation is village panchayat. The main sponsoring body is central and state government 
          The garm sabha gave the approval to village panchayat for is implementation even after this approval on other administrative and technical approval is required for works and scheme costing more than 50,000/- after the approval of Gram Sabah.
Under the geographical boundaries panchayat have to spend up to 15% of the allocation on maintenance of assets created  under the programme. For SCs/STs 22.5%of the fund have been unmarked. For free infrastructure barrier  for the disable 35of the annual allocation would be utilized.

       for taking a part in the programme village pradhan, panchayat member, block development officer, district collector or district rural  development agency may be consulted. This program is the new up bringing the rural development.

Author: Dr IM

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